The wildlife of Iran includes its flora and fauna and their natural habitats. One of the most famous members of wildlife in Iran are the world's last surviving, critically endangered Asiatic cheetah also known as the Iranian cheetah, which are today found nowhere else but in Iran .
Protected Area in the East of Golestan Province and West of North Khorasan Province . This region is the oldest national park in Iran and a rare haven for wildlife. It has 1,350 plant species and 302 species of animals, including half of Iran's mammalian species, covering about 900 square kilometers. For this reason, UNESCO The biosphere reserve has been registered at the UNESCO World Heritage List . Golestan Forest is undoubtedly the most valuable region of Iran, both in terms of quantity and in terms of the diversity of animal and plant life. The Golestan National Park's biodiversity is even more advanced than some European countries that are hundreds of times larger than the park. The name of Golestan province is also selected from this region. Golestan National Park is one of the best habitats for large mammals such as leopards , brown bears , wolves , waxes , mars , shokas , wild sheep and wild goats , Iranian gooseberries and boars , and is especially famous for the large population of Olive eagle.The Ghowmish population of the National Park in the 1350s was estimated to be around 150,000, equivalent to nearly three quarters of the world's Oreal sheep population.
Arasbaran Protected is the 9th Biosphere Reserved in Iran which covers an area of 78560 hectares with a circumference of 134 km. The altitude varies from ca. 256 m in the northern part to 2896 m which is the highest elevation in southern part of the area. Due to the importance of the area in having a rich flora (about 1000 taxa) and fauna specially presence of rare species such as Lyurus mlokosiewiczi in 1971 was conserved and UNESCO was listed it as a wildlife refuge since 1976.