Wildlife Watching is one of the most fascinating activities.The wildlife of Iran includes its flora and fauna and their natural habitats. One of the most famous members of wildlife in Iran are the world’s last surviving, critically endangered Asiatic cheetah also known as the Iranian cheetah, which are today found nowhere else but in Iran.
Golestan park is the most important wildlife habitats and national parks of Iran that is situated in the jurisdiction of Golestan, Semnan and Khorassan provinces.This park because of its natural values like verdant and virgin forest and different species of flora and fauna is one of the famous areas in Iran and the world. This park has been a protected area since 1957 under the name of “Almeh” and “Yashki” and in 1976, these two parts combined and became the Golestan National Park with 91,890 hectares in area. This park is formed of slightly sloping hills and high calcareous rocks. Its climate is very damp and in some places dry.
The most important animals of the Golestan National Park are: Rabbit, tiger, golden eagle, wolf, fox, panther, bear, sable wild cat, wild goat, wild pig (bore), gazelle, ram, deer, venison, kinds of snake, kinds of fish, black dall, delijeh, pray birds etc and Most important plants of this park are: fig, mulberry, wild pear, walnut, raspberry, barberry, different medicinal plants etc. As the seasons change, different aspects of the Park’s character are revealed, along with the different stages in the life cycles of the Park’s plants and animals. Each season has its own attractions and brings its own opportunities for the visitor.
Arasbaran Protected is the 9th Biosphere Reserved in Iran which covers an area of 78560 hectares with a circumference of 134 km.One of the biosphere reserves of the world that is registered by UNESCO is Arasbaran. This region is located in north-west of Iran, south of Aras River, and in East Azerbaijan Province.
This region offers mountains, valleys, forest areas and range lands. Its wonderful rich nature has created wildlife in which animals such as caracals, leopards, and brown bears live. Red deer, which were brought from Golestan Jungle to this region, are found in the protected area of Arasbaran as well.
Another feature of Arasbaran that attracts so many tourists is its hot spas in the region’s villages where one can find well-organized services for tourists. Moreover, the many rivers formed by these springs join Aras River which is just spectacular. Besides natural attractions, there are some historical attractions in Arasbaran as well. Babak Khorramdin Castle for example is located in this region and you should pass a narrow stone path to get there. Babak Khorramdin (Death: 838 AD) was the main leader of the Persian revolutionaries who rose and fought against Abbasid Caliphate. In addition to this castle, Aynaloo Mansion, historical mausoleums, and the ancient tree of Kavanaq are some other tourist attractions that you can find and visit in Arasbaran. Arasbaran region has some beautiful villages with hotels or hotel apartments where tourists can stay and spend their nights. Some tourists prefer to have a one-day trip to Arasbaran and then return to the nearby cities (such as Tabriz which is three to four hours away from Arasbaran) to rest. However, we recommend that tourists spend more than one day in Arasbaran to have a calm enjoyable trip. Furthermore, visiting villages in Arasbaran helps you learn about local people’s lifestyle. So, we recommend you to stay in the local lodgings, buy souvenirs from the local handicrafts, etc.