One of the greatest scientific and cultural centers is named Gondishapur northwest of Khuzestan in the Sassanid era that was a large and prosperous city with beautiful sugar cane fields, rain forests, and lush gardens.
The city was founded by Shapur I, son of Ardashir. Historians consider this place as one of the seven districts of Khuzestan, and it was originally the capital of Ahvaz, and during Shapur II, GondiShapur became the capital of the Sassanian government and the province of Khuzestan.
Undoubtedly, the best period that this place has seen the era of the Iranian cultural movement, was the period of the Anushirvan. As some historians have written, Khosrow Anushirvan was very interested in science and his main motivation was to gather scientists and physicians of that time.
During his time at Jundi Shapur University, he made remarkable progress and he was instructed to travel to India with a team of Iranian physicians to access Indian medicine books. Undoubtedly, this trip, which has been affiliated with Jundi Shapur University, has been a valuable start for this science center and its graduates.
The GondiShapur Academy became one of the main centers of knowledge, philosophy, and medicine in the ancient world. In some sources, references have been made to the practice of granting permission to practice to this University graduates. The book History of (Tarikh Al-Hekma) describes it.