Qare Gheshlagh Bonab International Wetland is located in East Azarbaijan province and on the shores of Lake Urmia.
This wetland is one of the most beautiful wetlands in northwestern Iran, which is called the bride of wetlands in the northwestern region. Qare Gheshlagh wetland is located on the border between East and West Azerbaijan. This wetland is the largest wetland in the watershed of Lake Urmia and the water of rivers such as Mordaq, Lilan chay, Zarrineh River, and Sufi Chay flows into it.
The area of this beautiful wetland is twenty-two thousand hectares. The climate of the lagoon is temperate and pleasant, which is why migratory birds from many other countries come to this region every year. This area was declared a no-hunting area in 1985 and is now a wildlife sanctuary.
This beautiful lagoon is covered with short Tamarisk trees as well as large reeds and an average of one hundred thousand birds of 153 different species live in it. Some of these species live seasonally and others live permanently in the lagoon.
These birds are among the breeding birds and others are considered as transit groups. Some of these species live seasonally and some permanently in the lagoon, these birds are among the breeding birds and others are among the groups that pass through this area. This diversity of birds, which are often rare, has made Qare Gheshlagh wetland one of the most valuable and important bird-watching sites.
Among the birds that live in this lagoon are Herons Large white-headed gulls, Eurasian teal, Sternidae, Flamingo, Pelican, Cormorants, Cranes, goose, duck, Ruddy shelduck and Great bustard.
The most important birds in this lagoon are Siberian migratory birds. The presence of algae and micronutrients in the vast water and wheat fields and other green lands and pastures around it has made this lagoon a suitable place for birds.
In addition to birds, mammals, amphibians, and various insects are also found in Qara Gheshlagh wetland. But no fish live in Qare Gheshlagh’s wetland. This wetland with its unique natural landscapes, temperate climate, and recreational activities such as boating and bird watching is one of the most important tourist places in Bonab, which is located 13 km from this city.